Health: Beat the heat
By Joe Beer | Monday, June 30, 2008 10.00am
Burning and dehydration are the enemies of summer cycling BikeRadar
It’s great to be out with the wind in your hair and lots of daylight to play with – but there’s a negative side to the warm weather riding – the sun. Yep, that round golden disk brings two additional challenges for the cyclist: accelerated dehydration and ultraviolet damage.
Dehydration is normally the product of your metabolic rate (go harder and you sweat more). But add the significant thermal stress from the sun exacerbating the sweating process, and you’re obviously going to lose bodily fluids at an accelerated rate.
Because of this, correct hydration before, during and after training, plus appropriate clothing options are essential in beating the heat. Many people underestimate their fluid intake needs and wonder why they fail to enjoy their summer training. In a worst case scenario, they may even become unstuck in races or rides they’ve been more than capable of achieving before.
Periods of hot weather catch out many riders out, and many medical experts attending endurance events have reported a growth in people failing to pre-hydrate. Most people take little liquids with them or just drink water, rather than a fluid-replacement drink.
Radiation from the sun is another factor that catches many out. A dab of sun cream does not give you a permanent shield against the sun. In most cases you have a two-hour barrier – you’ll need to reapply if you’re riding in the sun for any longer than this.
Effective summer back-pocket packing list:
1. Inner and tube levers – never forget those obvious essentials.
2. Extra money – for water, an ice cream or some high-carb snack food.
3. A pot or bag of energy powder or a couple of gels. These are hard to find at a service station or shops.
4. Small suncream pouch, with an SPF of at least 20. Forget SPF4 or SPF6.
5. Mobile phone.
Not only but also…
You can drink smart and dress right, but you still need to train to be better in the heat. One advantage of training in the heat is that your body becomes more efficient at sweating and makes appropriate hormonal tweaks to ensure that the next time you exercise, your body will retain liquids better. Here are some top training tips for improving your fitness and resilience in the heat...
Do a weekly midday ride, or as near to peak daytime temperatures as you can get. At the risk of sounding old-school, you can add thermal stress if it’s not quite hot enough, by riding in extra layers. You’ll definitely need to up your liquid consumption, and be wary of excessive heat stress. Although you will undoubtedly feel uncomfortable, it’s a worthy session to include. Riding in a sauna is not unknown but that’s an extreme measure for an extreme goal. Riding in the sun will be perfectly adequate for acclimatising most folk.
2. Lean machine
You need to think fitness as well as equipment when planning to ride in a hot race like the L’Etape or the Grand Fondo. Fitter and leaner riders tend to deal with heat better.
One reason is that fat tends to insulate a person. So, if a fatter rider is riding uphill in the midday sun, it’s a lot like trying to ride with a duvet on. Meanwhile, the leaner rider gets rid of excess heat faster. They will also generally climb up hills for less time because they have a better power-to-weight ratio.
To take advantage of this aspect of racing, lose fat to a point where people are saying that you look gaunt. Although this is going to seem unachievable for some, be aware that we only store excess food if we fail to burn off enough at the end of the day. This gets harder as one gets older and metabolic rate, activity levels and peak fitness levels decline. So too does daily calorie output. Meanwhile, the habit of piling your plate to a certain level is hard to alter.
Here’s your new mantra, then: “if I lose fat, l’ll be a radiator instead of a duvet.”
Know your limits
You need to know what your drinking, heat and endurance limits are. By stretching yourself, experimenting with varying drinking strategies and going into the unknown, you’ll find out if you’re a warm-day wonder or a cold-conditions cyclist. When thinking about your rides, don’t just think about fitness gains but also the environmental conditioning you’re getting accustomed to. Test your limits and chose how you approach them depending on your strengths and weaknesses.
Top tips for staying cool this summer • If you have limited chances to drink (in a 50-mile TT, for example) and it’s very hot, glycerol hyperhydration can enable approximately 750ml more liquid to be available for sweating over a four-hour period.
• Stay in the shade and drink plenty of cool liquids if you stop mid ride – don’t sunbathe further or have alcohol. Booze is a bad move and will increase your chances of falling off.
• Drink throughout training rides and racing using five percent to eight percent fluid replacement drinks and high-energy glucose polymers (minus ten percent concentration). The rough guide is 500 to 800ml per hour, but experiment in training to know how much works for you (a hint: it’s not 200ml per hour of plain water and nothing else!).
• It’s a toss up over what helmet to use: if you’re racing early in the day, an aero helmet may save a few seconds. But if it’s hot and long, go for a vented helmet.
• Your clothing colour is a critical choice. Some black colour schemes absorb rather than reflect heat, so go for white and pale colours.
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