Trail Tech: How to adjust a Shimano Shadow Plus rear derailleur

By Josh Patterson | Tuesday, February 19, 2013 12.00am

Shimano’s Shadow Plus rear derailleurs have improved chain retention and shift accuracy by reducing the movement of the derailleur’s cage. The clutch mechanism inside a Shimano Shadow Plus rear derailleur uses friction to resist the forward movement of the derailleur cage. Over time riders may find they need to increase the amount of friction on the clutch to account for normal wear. This tutorial will keep your Shimano XTR, XT or SLX Shadow Plus rear derailleur shifting with precision and a bare minimum of chain slap for many miles to come.

How Shadow Plus works:

When you flip the clutch switch from the ‘off’ to the ‘on’ position you are rotating a cam that presses against a steel band that wraps around the clutch. When engaged, this band increases the amount of friction on the clutch, thereby increasing the amount of force required to move the derailleur cage. The cage will still move, just not as freely as the cage of a derailleur without this clutch mechanism will. 

A view of the cam mechanism in the 'off' position: Shadow Plus in the 'off' position: The cam is not engaged and is not exerting any force on the friction band; in this mode the derailleur functions like any other, relying on the plate tension spring to resist the forward movement of the derailleur cage

A view of the cam mechanism in the 'on' position: Shadow Plus in the 'on' position: the cam is engaged and is exerting force on the friction band, making it harder for the derailleur cage to swing forward

STEP 1: Tool check

You will need…

·      2mm allen wrench

·      Needle-nose pliers (for direct-mount XTR and all XT and SLX Shadow Plus derailleurs)

STEP 2: Disengage the clutch mechanism

Make sure the lever is on the ‘off’ position before working on the clutch :

Make sure the lever is on the ‘off’ position; this will release any tension on the friction band, making it easier to turn the bolt that increases/decreases the amount of resistance on the friction band.

Note: It does not matter what gear you’re in. I recommend working with the derailleur in the smallest cog. From this position you will be able to test the movement of the derailleur cage through its full range of motion in Step 5.

STEP 3: Remove the clutch cover

Three 2mm allen bolts hold the cluch cover in place:

Three 2mm allen bolts secure the plastic cover that protects the clutch mechanism and other internals. Remove the three bolts and set them aside in a tool bowl or another place where you won’t lose them.

STEP 4: Tighten the friction band

Here’s where things differ, depending on the derailleur model.

The guts of an xtr shadow plus rear derialleur, note the removeable adjustment wrench:

Non-direct-mount XTR derailleurs have a small wrench that sits outside the clutch mechanism. Its technical name is a ‘switch stabilizer.’ It reinforces the clutch mechanism, so be sure to put it back right where you found it…

Shimano found that people were not reinstalling this tool properly, so it was done away with in XT and SLX Shadow Plus models.

Shimano xt and slx shadow plus rear derialleurs have a non-removable brace that reinforces the cam mechanism: The switch stabilizer on XT and SLX models does not double as a wrench and is not removable

Small adjustments make a significant difference. Shimano recommends making quarter turn, or smaller, adjustments at a time. Turn clockwise to increase tension or counter clockwise to back it off.

The removable wrench in use: The integrated wrench in use

Although xt and slx shadow plus models lack the integrated wrench, the adjustment is the same: Use needle-nose pliers if your Shadow Plus rear derailleur does not have the integrated wrench

STEP 5: Test the tension

(If you have an XTR Shadow Plus model with the integrated wrench, replace it now.) Engage the clutch lever and move the derailleur cage forward. You should feel firm and consistent resistance. 

Test the amount of force required to move the cage: Test the amount of force required to move the derailleur cage; resistance should be firm and consistent

Make small adjustments to increase or decrease tension as needed. Shift through the gears, paying special attention that the shifting does not require too much effort—this is a sign you tightened the friction band too much.

STEP 6: Reinstall the clutch cover

Place the cover back over the clutch mechanism and reinstall the three 2mm bolts you set aside in Step 3.

Be sure the rubber dust seal is properly seated before reinstalling the cover: There is a dust seal that can become dislodged when removing the clutch cover. Be sure it is pressed back into place before reinstalling the clutch cover.

STEP 7: Test ride

Take a quick spin around your neighborhood. Does your shifting feel like it requires too much effort, particularly in the largest cogs on the cassette? If so, back off the amount of tension on the friction band until you find your sweet spot.

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