We know how bikes can change lives, be used to improve daily life and be a way to becoming a more mindful person, but bikes have helped more than just the folks zooming along on them. Ironically, from technology to roads to even the first innovators of the automobile, cars have a lot to thank bikes for.
- Bicycle Museum of America full of fascinating history
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- Car for the cobbles: Team Sky’s modified Ford Mondeo
Bikes and cars have co-existed since the late 1800s. However with the internal combustion engine proving tricky to nail down, bicycles proliferated while cars still plodded along and often only in the hands of the wealthy.
When the safety bicycle was created with two equal size wheels and a chain-driven gear it took the place of the high wheeler, a bike with a monstrous front wheel with the pedals directly attached to the front hub, and cycling exploded and was everywhere. In fact, the bike became the first mass produced product ever, with around a million bikes being made by roughly 300 American manufacturers in the 1890s.
Bikes brought about many innovations that we now take for granted in our daily lives. Even on cars, where technology seems light years ahead of the simple bike nowadays, many of its fundamental attributes can be traced back to the bike. Here are some examples:
The first air-filled tires were created by John Boyd Dunlop to prevent his 10-year old son from having headaches while riding his tricycle on rough roads. His patent application stated interest in only cycles and light vehicles.
Even today cars use high-tech tubing from bicycles for frame construction. Caterham Cars, makers of unique road-going cars that are equally suited for track day shenanigans, use tubing from Reynolds that was originally crafted for bicycle frames.
Roads and highways
The national highway system was a product of cyclists wanting to venture outside of cities on something other than a rutted, unmaintained path. In the late 1800s, when cycling had its strong influence, a group of politically powerful men lobbied for road infrastructure in the US and Europe.
In 1869, a bike mechanic in Paris named Jules Suriray designed the first radial style ball bearing. It was used in the Paris–Rouen cycle race of 1869, one of the first road races ever. James Moore won the race on a bike equipped with the new, revolutionary bearings and popularity grew.
Wire spinning and wire spokes
Crafting metal wires for all sorts of manufacturing can be traced back to bicycle manufacturing. The earliest cars used spoked wheels.
Inventors and innovators
Let’s not forget the early bicycle mechanics who turned their mechanical passion and expertise into automobiles and airplanes. Because of the bike’s early dominance, nearly every automobile manufacturer in the 19th century and early 20th century began thanks, in some regard, to bicycles. Car companies that came from bike manufacturers include: GMC, Ford, Chevrolet, Cadillac, Rolls-Royce, Aston Martin, Peugeot, Rover, Opel, Pope, and many, many more.
Henry Ford’s first automobile was named the Quadricycle and consisted of quite a few bicycle parts, including steel spokes and pneumatic tires. Ford rode his bike everyday to his job as a engineer and preferred cycling to the city’s public transport trams. Another little known fact was that Ford was a lifelong cyclist, often going for a three mile ride after dinner.
The Wright brothers built the first airplane with bicycle parts, which made sense since they owned Wright Cycle Company and manufactured their own brand of bikes. They used their bike brand to fund their first forays into flying.
Charles and Frank Duryea built the first gasoline-powered American car that actually worked. Together, they began as bicycle makers in Washington D.C. and used their skills to found one of the first American car manufacturers. Ironically, one of their cars is credited with the first ever auto accident with a cyclist. It happened in New York City, the biker suffered a broken leg and the driver spent a night in jail and was issued America’s first ever traffic violation.
Bikes and cars tend to have an arduous relationship. While most cyclists tend to have and drive cars, those drivers who don’t ride bikes often, or who have to share the road with the often slower moving biker, can take a pretty sour view on bikes. That’s a shame, because if those drivers knew the debt the automobile and even the very road on which they are driving have to the bicycle, they’d change their tune drastically.