How to get started at track cycling

We explain why beginners shouldn't fear the velodrome

The thrill of the boards, the massive gains you can expect in stamina and explosive power, the chance to emulate Sir Chris Hoy or Victoria Pendleton... Track cycling has something to offer nearly every rider, and it's loads of fun. So how do you get started?

Many velodromes run introductory sessions to get you started, and open sessions so you can progress. Be warned though – with many Olympic cycling disciplines based on the track, interest in these is bound to increase.

What is track cycling?

Track cycling involves riding or racing a track-specific bicycle around a purpose-built, cambered and banked track, at a velodrome. Important to note that there are both indoor and outdoor velodromes, with indoor being the more popular option – especially in the UK.

The track at an indoor velodrome is usually constructed from wood, with two long sides and two shorter, more steeply banked sides, forming an oval shape. An Olympic-standard velodrome has a track of 250 metres. There are also outdoor velodromes, such as Herne Hill in London, UK.

There are coloured bands painted at various intervals up the track. At the base, adjacent to the track, is a blue band called the ‘côte d’azur’, which is not technically part of the track – you should try to stay out of this part. Then 20cm above the blue band is a black, 5cm-thick line which defines the length of the track, so that's 250m on an Olympic-standard track. And 90cm above that is the red sprinter's line; the gap between black and red marks the optimum route around the track. Lastly, a minimum of 250cm, or halfway up the track, there is a blue line called the stayer's line, used in stayer races (races behind pacemaker-motorbikes) as a separation line.

Track bicycles are designed to be light and strong, with a very aggressive race-specific geometry that optimises a rider's power, and high gearing. They are fixed wheel, with no gears or brakes.

There are a number of different types of race events that take place in the velodrome. These include individual and team sprints and pursuits, time trials, points races and more exotically-named variants such as keirins, an outlandish form of motor-paced cycle racing which originated in Japan, madisons, which are a form of team track riding also known as 'the American' race due to its origin in Madison Square Gardens, NY, and omniums, which are a multiple-race event often held over a number of days.

Once you've mastered the basics, read our 'Everything you need to know about track cycling' article for more detailed advice. 

A beginner's perspective

So what's it like for newbies? Annie Gowing, member of amateur women's team the Crankettes, reports: "Walking out into the velodrome and seeing the banking for the first time does nothing to calm the nerves! It's so much steeper than it looks on television – 42 percent at the Newport Velodrome."

After a briefing from their coach for the day, the Crankettes were asked to ride around the concrete area surrounding the infield, speeding up on the straights and slowing for the corners. 

"This was to get used to riding a fixed-wheel bike," says Annie. "You cannot stop pedalling, so you control your speed by your cadence (the speed of your pedalling). It wasn’t as easy to control the pace as you might imagine. Then we practised how to stop, slowing our cadence down to walking pace and coming alongside the inner railings until we came to a halt.

"Once we’d mastered these skills, we were allowed on the track itself. To get up to speed we used the almost-flat, painted wooden section at the base of the boards. Then, when we were up to 20mph, we could move onto the track itself, initially between the red and black lines, and eventually moving up to the blue line. 

"Despite our fears, the bike was actually very easy to ride and felt quite stable on the drops. We found we had to do no more than pedal in a straight line, keeping up the speed and the banking took care of the rest – no need to steer, or lean into the corners. It was an amazing feeling and by the end of our first turn all the terror had gone.

"Our next task was to ride in a single-pace line formation, taking turns to peel off the front, riding up to the blue line and then dropping back on to rejoin the group at the back. All of us were very comfortable with this exercise, being well used to team time-trialling.

"Our final exercise was a pursuit. At a signal from [coach] Brian, the front rider had to sprint away from the group and keep going until they re-joined at the back. This was pretty tough. But great fun and good for getting our speed and confidence up! 

"The two-hour session was over all too quickly. Everyone was buzzing, and we can't wait to go back!"

5 tips for track cycling beginners

1. If you can ride a bike, you can ride on the track

Don’t be scared! If you can ride a bike, you can ride on the track. Track bikes are very simple to ride and you’ll soon get the hang of riding fixed wheel.

2. Don't forget your helmet and gloves

Helmets and gloves are compulsory, so don’t forget to take them!

3. Bring your own pedals and cleats

If you’re hiring a bike at your chosen velodrome, it’s worth changing the cleats on your shoes to match their preferred pedals. The pedals on hire bikes usually can’t be changed and the only other option is usually pedals with toe clips.

4. Take plenty of refreshments

Take plenty of water and drink often – track cycling is thirsty work!

5. Bring your mates

Go with friends, make an outing of it, and have fun.

Aoife Glass

Women's Cycling Editor
A mountain biker at heart, also drawn to the open road. Likes big long adventures in the mountains. Usually to be found in the Mendip Hills or the Somerset Levels in the UK. Passionate about women's cycling at all levels.
  • Discipline: Mountain, road
  • Preferred Terrain: Rocky, rough and a long way from anywhere.
  • Current Bikes: Liv Avail Advanced Pro 2015, Juliana Furtado 2013, Canyon Roadlite AL
  • Dream Bike: Juliana Roubion, Liv Avail Advanced SL
  • Beer of Choice: Red wine for the win!
  • Location: Weston Super Mare, Somerset, UK

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