The best electric bike for you will depend on the type of riding you want to do, so in this guide we’ll cover the whole range of different electric bike types and recommend some of the best we’ve tested.
Electric bikes – or ebikes as they’re commonly known – are bicycles with an electric motor and battery that provides assistance as you pedal.
There are many benefits to riding an electric bike. Electric bikes make riding up hills easier and will enable most riders to travel at a higher speed over longer distances without arriving at their destination covered in sweat.
Despite common misconceptions, you can still ride an electric bike for fitness. Electric bike laws limit the power of an ebike motor, so you still need to pedal – there’s no twist-and-go throttle here.
There is an electric bike for every type of riding. Electric folding bikes and electric hybrid bikes are great choices for cycling to work, the best electric mountain bikes will help you get to the top of the next trail so you can enjoy more descending and the best electric road bikes and electric gravel bikes will enable you to take on longer adventures.
Making sense of how an electric bike works and how to choose the right one for you is a daunting task. Luckily for you, BikeRadar’s team of expert testers have put in hundreds of hours riding more than 175 of the best ebikes across all categories.
Our testing is 100 per cent editorially independent, so you can always trust our recommendations.
In this in-depth buyer’s guide to choosing the best electric bike for any rider, we’ll talk you through the things you need to consider for each category of ebike. We also highlight the best ebikes we have reviewed, as selected by BikeRadar’s expert team of tech editors, for each type of ebike, with links to our detailed buyer’s guide for each category.
We also have a general buyer’s guide to electric bike tech at the bottom of this article that answers common questions. For even more information, take a look at our ebike FAQs.
There’s a lot to cover here, so use the links below to skip to the section you need, or read on for every detail.
Best electric hybrid bikes
Like a non-assisted hybrid bike, electric hybrid bikes feature an upright riding position, flat bars and stable handling. They’re often the least expensive entry point into ebikes.
With lots of mounting points for accessories such as pannier bags and mudguards, electric hybrids are great if you’re planning to commute to work by bike, ride around town or want to go for leisurely rides on bike trails or through parks.
Electric hybrid bikes can be quite heavy because they tend to use less sophisticated motor systems and the bikes are built for robustness. This is worth bearing in mind if you need to carry them up stairs.
Below is a selection of four of the very best electric hybrid bikes as tested by our senior road technical editor, Warren Rossiter. For more recommendations, check out our full round-up of the best electric hybrid bikes.
Canyon Pathlite:ON 5
- £2,499/€2,699, as tested
- Pros: Great handling and confident off-road
- Cons: Heavy versus its rivals
The Canyon Pathlite:ON 5 is a powerful electric hybrid bike that handles and rides commendably. Our testing found the Canyon’s 100km claimed range to be true, but there’s no denying the bike is heavy at 23.5kg.
Where the Pathlite:ON 5 truly stands out is off the tarmac, where it rivals electric mountain bikes with confidence-inspiring chunky tyres and a shock-absorbing suspension fork.
Specialized Turbo Tero X 4.0
- £4,000/$4,500/€4,200/AU$7,200 as tested
- Pros: Brilliant handling; superb comfort; well-priced
- Cons: Maybe too off-road inspired for some
The Tero X spans Specialized’s ‘active’ and ‘mountain’ categories, with the bike highly capable on all types of terrain, from tarmac and trekking to full-blown mountain biking.
With a 130mm fork and 120mm of rear suspension, it’s no surprise the Tero X is comfortable and its handling is also commendable on- and off-road.
The bike also features plenty of utilitarian features, with full-length mudguards and a rear rack.
While £4,000 isn’t cheap, the Tero X certainly provides a lot of versatility that could be considered good value to some.
Tern Quick Haul P9
- £3,100/$3,299/AU$4,995 as tested
- Pros: Great fun to ride and versatile
- Cons: Official add-ons are fairly pricey
The Tern Quick Haul P9 looks like a cargo bike at first glance, but its compact design means it isn’t much longer than a typical electric hybrid.
With the option to fit a huge array of useful add-on accessories both front and back, our tester described the Quick Haul P9 as a “genuinely viable car replacement”.
Rad Power RadRunner 3 Plus
- £2,199/$2,299 as tested
- Pros: Easy-riding with steady handling and large load capacity
- Cons: Struggles on steep, long hills
The RadRunner 3 is a versatile and easy-to-ride electric hybrid bike that offers plenty of load capacity thanks to its built-in rack.
The power delivery from the 250W hub motor pushes the RadRunner along at a good pace, and offers five levels of assistance, as well as a boost for getting up to speed.
We found it suffered on long steep inclines, with the motor struggling to shift the bike’s weight.
Our tester managed to get 37.5 miles (60.3km) with 628.55ft (191.6m) of climbing out of the 672Wh battery.
Best electric folding bikes
If you want to cycle to work or are just pressed for space to store your ride, a compact electric folding bike could be the answer.
Folding ebikes often have the battery hidden in their frames, or they may come with a removable battery to make carrying them on and off public transport a bit easier.
A removable battery also means you can take it somewhere where it’s easier to charge (at your desk, for example, if you use the bike to ride to work).
But the extra weight of the motor and battery means carrying a folding ebike on and off public transport, and up and down stairs, will be harder. The available range can be quite limited in some models too.
For more product recommendations, check out our round-up of the best folding electric bikes.
- £2,725 as tested
- Pros: Very compact fold; smooth power delivery
- Cons: Quite heavy; two pieces to carry
A front-hub motor adds electric power to the classic Brompton folding bike, giving you a range of around 40km. The battery sits in a separate pack, which can be removed from the bike for carrying.
Since we tested the Brompton Electric, the standard bike has been redesignated the C Line Explore. It’s been joined by the P Line, which uses lighter frame materials and components to chop almost 2kg off the C Line’s 17.4kg claimed weight.
- £3,999 as tested
- Pros: Larger wheels ride more smoothly; stylish design
- Cons: Expensive; doesn’t fold as small as some ebikes
While pricey, the GoCycle G4 is a folder, commuter and electric bike in one. The ride and handling are far more assured than most folding bikes on- and off-road, thanks to the meaty tyres and larger wheels.
The bike folds in half at its centre, making it easier to roll than to carry and the removable battery in the front of the frame is accessed via the fold. At over 17kg, it’s quite heavy though.
MiRider One GB3
- £2,495 as tested
- Pros: Very compact
- Cons: Price has increased significantly from the original bike
The MiRider One GB3 is an upgrade from the original model we tested a few years ago. Unfortunately, that’s resulted in a significant price hike, but the ebike is still a compact, nippy city commuter.
The belt drive is cleaner and lower-maintenance than a chain, there’s good adjustability, and built-in rear suspension and wide tyres add comfort.
The GB3 design has three speeds, adding flexibility over the singlespeed predecessor, and you can change gear while stationary. We achieved a range of up to 50km.
Best electric mountain bikes
An electric mountain bike will get you to the top quicker, particularly on technical, steeper climbs, and with more energy to enjoy the descents. Plus, getting up the ups more easily will give you extra range to explore further.
Recent improvements in eMTB performance mean handling is approaching that of the best mountain bikes without a motor, providing heaps of flat-out riding fun.
But, nevertheless, the extra weight can make handling more tricky on particularly technical sections, so it’s a good idea to ease off a bit until you’ve got the feel of the bike
Focus JAM2 SL 9.9
- £7,499/€8,499/AU$14,499 as tested
- Pros: Powerful and efficient motor; high levels of performance
- Cons: Inadequate tyres specced; ride remote feels cheap
The Focus JAM2 SL 9.9 is on the lightweight end of the electric bike spectrum, using Fazua’s Ride 60 motor, which provides the bike with 60Nm of torque.
The motor is very frugal, being one of the best for power consumption, with the 430Wh battery lasting longer than other bikes we’ve tested.
Focus has given the JAM2 SL an adjustable geometry, with the frame featuring two flip chips in the linkage and the chainstays enabling the bike to be set up longer, lower and slacker.
While the bike only features 150mm of rear travel, we found it spanned both trail and enduro riding well, which added to enjoyment on gnarlier trails.
The only letdown was the slightly cheap-feeling Fazua remote and underwhelming lightweight tyre choice.
Orbea Wild M-Team
- £9,207/$9,844/€9,727/AU$17,429 as tested
- Pros: Bosch motor and battery combo performs well; feels capable on all trails
- Cons: Priced at the top end of the market
Winning our Electric Mountain Bike of the Year award for 2023, the Orbea Wild M-Team impresses with a balanced geometry that feels dominant whether the trail is going up or down.
The Fox Factory 38 fork features 170mm of travel, while the 160mm of rear travel is controlled by a Fox X2 Factory shock that does a great job of gobbling up rough terrain and finding grip on technical sections.
The punchy nature of Bosch’s Performance Line CX motor gives the bike great climbing ability, with assistance feeling constant up until the cut-off speed.
Alongside the great spec list, Orbea has fitted the bike with downhill casing tyres, which means you can push the Wild M-Team to the extremes of its geometry with little worry.
Marin Rift Zone E2
- £5,895/$6,299/€6,899 as tested
- Pros: Lively; great spec
- Cons: Slightly over-geared; less powerful motor than its competitors
The Marin Rift Zone E2 is a classy, comfortable full-suspension electric mountain bike with 140mm travel. It can take you beyond its trail-riding mandate, handling more technical descents well.
The Rift Zone ebike is well specced for its price, although the Shimano EP801 motor’s 85Nm torque is a little less than competitors. We’d have preferred a smaller chainring than the 38t fitted for easier climbing.
Specialized S-Works Turbo Levo SL II
- £13,000/$14,000/€14,000 as tested
- Pros: Confident and capable on a variety of terrain; adaptable geometry
- Cons: Rear tyre casing not adequate for riding style; cost
Specialized’s latest S-Works Turbo Levo SL II has a large performance band that makes it feel at home on any trail regardless of the gradient.
Its Turbo SL 1.2 motor provides 50Nm of torque and 320W of peak power, giving the bike a punchy feeling up the climbs, while conserving battery levels well.
While the bike is priced at the very high end, the spec list reflects the asking price, with full Fox Factory Suspension and SRAM’s new XX Eagle Transmission.
Specialized has once again produced one of the best ebikes on the market.
Vitus E-Sommet VRX
- £5,499 as tested
- Pros: Quality spec; great geometry and suspension
- Cons: Awkward cable routing and bottle placement
The Vitus E-Sommet adds a powerful Shimano EP8 motor and large-capacity battery to Vitus’ enduro platform. It rolls on a 29in front and 27.5in rear-wheel mullet build and is impressively specced for its price, with a 170mm RockShox ZEB Ultimate fork, a Super Deluxe Select+ RT shock and Shimano’s XT groupset.
The E-Sommet descends and climbs impressively, with both comfort and great grip, making it fun, engaging and highly capable.
Best electric road bikes
If you enjoy road cycling, but want a bit of help to keep your speed up or to get you up hills, an electric road bike could be the right choice for you.
Most e-road bikes use lightweight motor systems that provide less power than the motors used on electric hybrid or mountain bikes. This means they’re typically a bit lighter too, with the very lightest models tipping the scales at around 11kg.
However, with many road riders achieving speeds on the flat of 15mph or above, you may feel you’re carrying dead weight around, with the motor cutting out at that top-assisted speed, although assistance can continue to 20mph, or even in some cases 28mph in much of the USA.
Below are three of the very best electric road bikes senior road technical editor Warren Rossiter has tested to date.
BMC Roadmachine AMP One
- £7,600/€7,999 as tested
- Pros: Smooth ride; compact motor; impressive range
- Cons: Tyres may need a swap-out for colder, wetter conditions
The BMC Roadmachine AMP One doesn’t look much different from its non-assisted sibling; it’s only the slightly expanded down tube, hiding a 350Wh battery, that shows there’s extra assistance. The Mahle X20 motor is so compact it hides between the largest cassette sprocket and the disc rotor.
The ride feels like the non-assisted Roadmachine as well, despite the 12kg weight. Range is impressive, heading up to 160km, depending on the conditions. We’d swap out the tyres for winter use though.
Trek Domane+ SLR 6
- £8,400/$9,000 as tested
- Pros: Powerful motor; fast charging; smooth ride
- Cons: Remote control brackets slip
The Domane + SLR 6 offers a smooth and comfortable ride with direct steering and a quiet yet powerful TQ motor.
Trek has kept things similar to the non-assisted Domane, with the bike featuring an IsoSpeed rear end that helps smooth out bumps and road noise.
The electronic tech is well integrated, with the low-down weight of the motor helping when roads get curvy. However, the control points for the motor, that are positioned on the inside of the hoods, had a tendency to slip during testing.
Orbea Gain M10i
- £9,299/$9,999/€9,999/AU$17,999 as tested
- Pros: Lightweight; impressive range
- Cons: Superbike build with Shimano Dura-Ace Di2 might be excessive
The Gain’s ride outshines many of its contemporaries, with the Orbea-tuned Mahle X20 hub motor mirroring your inputs for natural assistance.
We were also impressed by the bike’s range, with our tester riding 62.25 miles (100.18km) including 3,795.8ft (1,157m) of ascent with 45 per cent of the battery still remaining.
The Gain is based around the Orca road bike, with a more endurance-inspired geometry that provides quick handling and a balanced feel.
The M10i comes with a superbike spec list and price tag, which may be overkill for some, but there’s no denying Orbea has pulled out the stops on the Gain.
Best electric gravel bikes
Electric gravel bikes mix the racy ride position and range of an electric road bike with a tamed-down version of the off-road capability of an eMTB – the same winning combination that makes the best gravel bikes so popular.
Electric gravel bikes may feature more powerful motors than e-road bikes, with some even including the same motors seen on electric mountain bikes. They also tend to feature lots of useful mounts for accessories and tons of tyre clearance for chunky gravel tyres, making them a very versatile option.
This is a selection of the very best electric gravel bikes, once again ridden, reviewed and rated by our senior technical editor, Warren Rossiter.
GT Grade Amp
- £2,900/€3,200 as tested
- Pros: Great build; motor system; responsive ride quality
- Cons: Quite a firm ride
The GT Grade Amp features an aluminium frameset and is powered by the Mahle ebikemotion rear-hub motor system. The geometry is the same as the non-powered GT Grade Carbon, which also scored well on test.
The frame is a little too stiff on rough terrain, but the 42mm WTB Resolute gravel tyres help soak up any big bumps.
Cannondale Topstone Neo Carbon 1 Lefty
- £8,000/$9,500/€8,999 as tested
- Pros: Hugely competent off-road; heaps of fun
- Cons: A dropper post would make sense for a bike of this ilk (and price)
Offering 30mm of suspension front and rear, the Topstone Neo is a tremendously comfortable and capable gravel bike that is loads of fun to ride on singletrack trails.
The top-tier SRAM eTap AXS mullet gearing gives ample range for steep climbs and the Bosch motor has loads of power on tap.
If you’re after a slightly less punchy electric gravel bike, the Mahle ebikemotion-powered Topstone Neo SL could be worth a look.
Giant Revolt E+
- £4,999/AU$7,999 as tested
- Pros: 53mm tyre clearance; 85Nm torque
- Cons: 18kg weight; expensive
The Giant Revolt E+ is powered by a Shimano EP8 motor, the same unit as used in many of the best electric mountain bikes. It gives an impressive 85Nm of torque to help you ride steep climbs, despite the bike’s chunky 18kg weight.
The 500Wh battery powers not only the motor but the Shimano GRX shifting, which enables you to control the power level from the gear shift levers. It also gives plenty of range and we got up to 120km on a charge.
What to look for when buying an electric bike
Electric bike motor positions explained
Electric bike motors are located in one of three places: in the middle of the bike, in the rear hub or in the front hub.
Many systems will have mid-mounted motors that sit at the bottom bracket and power the ebike through the chain. It’s a good position for the motor because it puts the extra mass low down and centrally in the frame where it won’t affect the bike’s stability and handling.
The rear-wheel hub is also a popular place to put the motor. Again, it’s low down and since a lot of the rider’s weight is on the back wheel, handling and road grip are not too adversely affected by the extra weight and power.
Finally, the motor may be in the front hub. It’s a slightly trickier position because the motor unit can affect steering and generally there’s not as much weight on the front wheel, so grip may be impacted. It’s often used for folding ebikes and sometimes for hybrids.
As well as ready-built ebikes, you can buy kits to convert a non-assisted bike to an ebike. There are kits that use a motor in each of these positions. We’ve got a round-up of the most popular ebike conversion kits.
Electric bike batteries explained
An electric bike will be powered by a rechargeable lithium-ion battery. Like the batteries in other electric vehicles, they’re used for their low weight and performance, along with rapid recharging – typically charging to full capacity in a few hours.
In general, the more expensive the ebike, the larger the battery capacity, so the mileage you can get between charges increases.
There’s a range of battery shapes, sizes and positions. Bolted to the top of the down tube is a popular option and some hybrids have the battery positioned below a rear luggage rack. Some ebikes will have their batteries hidden within the down tube or sometimes the seat tube, making for a more elegant (and invariably more expensive) solution.
Bottle-cage batteries are another way to disguise the battery and are often used for a back-up battery to increase range.
The batteries themselves can normally be charged from a standard wall plug, either in situ on the bike via a port or with the battery itself removed from the bike. It’s very common to see removable battery packs that are secured with a key.
Electric bike range explained
How far you can ride before your battery gives up is unlikely to be an issue for most ebike riders – it’s more a question of how often you can ride before you need to recharge it.
Range is very dependent on your riding style, and where and how you ride, as well as being dependent on the battery capacity. Some ebikes will have multiple batteries that might eke out 100 miles or more from a charge, whereas others, particularly folding ebikes designed for easier carrying and folding and for shorter city rides, may have a range of 20 miles or less.
There will be multiple assistance levels that you can tailor to your needs and select between as you ride. Select an eco or low assist mode and you will need to put in more effort, but your battery will last longer.
On the other hand, a higher assist setting is useful to get you up hills and to accelerate more easily in stop-start conditions, but will drain your battery significantly faster.
You can swap between modes as you ride and can usually switch the motor off entirely to conserve battery. With most systems there won’t be any additional drag when the motor is not in use, although you still have the extra weight of the motor and battery.
To control the motor’s output, an ebike will have a range of sensors. First, there’ll be a speed sensor, so that assistance cuts out at the legal maximum speed.
To match the assistance level to your pedalling input and make sure that an ebike won’t run away with you, there’ll be cadence and torque sensors too.
More sophisticated systems may add more sensors. The Giant Trance E + 1 electric mountain bike, for example, uses five sensors in all to control its output in Smart Assist mode.
There’ll be some sort of display of battery and assistance level, along with buttons to select the assistance mode. The display is often a bar-mounted LED unit that might also give you speed, distance and range info.
More minimalist displays are often used on racier road ebikes though, with the front of the top tube being a popular position. Some may work via a cycling computer.
Many ebikes will also come with a companion smartphone app. Functionality varies, but more sophisticated apps will give you battery status info, enable you to tailor assistance levels and may include some GPS-based route planning and navigation, as well as the option to share your ride records.
Electric bike jargon buster
How much additional assistance your motor gives you as you ride. Most ebikes will have multiple levels to switch between as you ride, depending on the terrain (and your energy levels). Some will be able to automatically switch support level up and down, depending on where you’re riding or to conserve your battery levels. More power means less range.
Short for Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycle, this is the official legal term often used by the UK government to describe ebikes.
Output for an ebike motor is typically measured in watts. That’s a measure of the maximum power it can produce.
Ebike battery capacity is measured in watt hours – or, in other words, how many watts a battery can put out and for how long. So if a 250-watt motor was fed by a 250Wh battery and run at full power, the battery would drain in an hour. In practice, your motor doesn’t run at full power much of the time, so your battery will last considerably longer than this.
For eMTBs, in particular, torque is also an important figure. It measures how much turning force a motor will put in, something that helps add to your own effort especially when climbing hills.
Pedelec (pedal electric cycle)
Another synonym for an electric bike.
If you’re going to have to push your ebike, a walk mode will use the motor to move the bike along with you. Since ebikes tend to be heavy, it’s useful if you need to push your machine any distance.