The humble inner tube may be one of the simplest parts on your bike but, with a wide range of sizes, different valve types and a choice of materials, choosing the right tube isn’t necessarily as simple as it sounds.
That’s if your bike has inner tubes at all. There was a time when every bike had an inner tube in each tyre. That’s changed now, with the advent of tubeless tyres, first in mountain bikes and now increasingly in road bikes too.
In a tubeless setup, there’s no inner tube; the tyre itself has an airtight seal to the rim and holds the air, without a tube.
But even if you’re happily riding your tubeless tyres, it’s a good idea to carry an inner tube with you, just in case you get the mother of all flats, which the sealant in your tyre or a tubeless repair kit won’t handle and you need to fit a tube to get going again. Trust us, it happens.
So, whether your bike is fitted with inner tubes or not, read on for our guide to the bike part every cyclist loves to hate.
What is an inner tube?
Inner tubes come in many different sizes and materials, and are what hold the air inside clincher tyres. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
In a conventional clincher tyre setup, the tyre has a bead on each side which ‘locks’ onto the rim when inflated but doesn’t have an air-tight connection. It’s the inner tube, sitting inside the tyre, that holds the air.
The inner tube has a valve, used to keep it pumped up. Most inner tubes have either a Presta or Schrader valve, which we’ll come on to. Ensuring you have the right valve type for your bike’s wheels is essential.
What size inner tube do I need?
The simple answer is: one that fits inside your tyre. But like many bike-related things, it’s a bit more complicated than this.
Your inner tube needs to fit the wheel’s diameter and also the width of the tyre fitted, so there are two significant measurements to get right.
Let’s start with diameter – make sure you’ve got the right size inner tube for your wheel’s diameter or you’ll find it difficult to fit.
Road wheels are usually 700c diameter and will need 700c tubes to match. Meanwhile, mountain bike and commuter bike wheels and tyres are typically sized in inches. There are more options here, with 26in, 27.5in and 29in wheeled bikes being sold.
27.5in wheels are the same diameter as 650b, the smaller wheel size you’ll sometimes find on gravel bikes in place of 700c wheels. And 29-inch wheels are the same size as 700c.
Kids’ bikes will have smaller wheels, usually 16in, 20in or 24in, and need smaller diameter inner tubes and tyres, as will most folding bikes.
The recommended wheel and tyre sizes should be stamped on the inner tube itself. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
While it’s vital to match wheel diameter with the diameter of your inner tube, there’s a bit more leeway in tyre width, typically measured in millimetres (sometimes confusingly expressed as “c”, e.g. 25c) for road bikes and inches for mountain bikes.
All inner tubes will come with a recommended range for tyre width, for example 700 × 20–25 for traditional road tyres, 700 × 25–32 for wider road tyres.
A narrower inner tube will balloon out to fill a tyre a few millimetres wider that its recommended width – but don’t take it too far or it might explode.
Likewise, a tube rated a bit wider than your tyre will usually fit, although it can be awkward to fit one that’s a lot wider than the tyre.
Common inner tube sizes
Inner tube sizes vary by maker, so once you’ve decided on a brand you need to check the options it sells, but typically they’ll include options similar to those listed below:
Road, gravel, cyclocross and hybrid (commuter) tyres: 700c wheels
- 700 × 20–25mm – for traditional road bikes with 700c wheels and 20 to 25mm tyres
- 700 × 25–32mm – for road bikes with 700c wheels and 25 to 32mm tyres
- 700 × 28–37mm – for road, cyclocross, gravel and hybrid bikes with 700c wheels and 28 to 37mm tyres
- 700 × 32–47mm – for road cyclocross, gravel and hybrid bikes with 700c wheels and 32 to 47mm tyres
Bigger tyres naturally require bigger inner tubes. On the left is a 700 x 32-47mm inner tube, while the right is a 700 x 18-28mm. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
Mountain bike tyres: 26in, 27.5in (or 650b), 29in diameter wheels
The following sizes are common for mountain bike tyres, regardless of whether your machine has 26in, 27.5in (650b) or 29in wheels.
There is some overlap in sizes between 650b gravel and mountain bike tyres, but gravel tyres are usually sold in metric sizes as listed above.
- Up to 2in width – narrow, old-school MTB tyres
- 2–2.3in – typical XC (cross-country) MTB tyres
- 2.3–2.6in – trail, enduro, all-rounder MTB tyres
- 2.6–3.0in – ‘plus’ sized MTB tyres
- Over 3.0in – fat bike MTB tyres
Inner tube materials – butyl vs latex
Inner tubes are typically made of rubber: either butyl or latex.
Butyl rubber tubes are the most common. They’re cheaper than latex, but they are heavier and the interaction with your tyre creates more rolling resistance.
Butyl inner tubes are generally the cheapest, most common type of inner tube available and are usually available in every size you might need. Cheaper ones can be heavy and bring increased rolling resistance, however. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
Along with affordability, another plus of butyl is that it’s easier to repair using a standard puncture repair kit, so you should get more life out of it than a latex tube.
Some makers sell lighter-weight butyl tubes with thinner walls alongside their standard range, if you want to save a few grams.
For even more weight saving, latex tubes are significantly lighter than butyl tubes, plus there’s less friction against the tyre, resulting in lower rolling resistance.
On the other hand, they’re much more fragile and more awkward to fit because they’re floppier than butyl tubes.
If you have carbon rims on a bike with rim brakes, you also need to be careful not to drag your brakes on long descents because overheating can cause latex tubes to fail. Some wheel makers recommend against using latex tubes with their rims.
As well as coming in pretty colours, latex inner tubes offer lower weight and rolling resistance than butyl inner tubes. They’re relatively expensive though and heat build up can cause issues if you’re using rim brakes on long descents. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
Another drawback of latex tubes is that they leak air more quickly, so you may need to pump them up before every ride.
If you do get a flat, they’re difficult to repair too and you need a different type of repair kit. They’re an option you might choose if you’re seriously into racing or time trials to give you that extra edge in place of everyday practicality.
There are more esoteric inner tubes out there. Tubolito, for example, sells tubes that are claimed to be lighter, more flat-resistant and more compact than a standard butyl tube, and more robust than latex.
At more than £25 each, they’re an expensive option, but might suit the weight weenie or help save space and weight if you keep one as a spare.
Presta or Schrader valves?
As we’ve already alluded to, your bike’s wheels are most likely to be compatible with either a Presta valve or a Schrader valve, with Presta the more common of the two standards on enthusiast bikes.
Presta valves are longer and narrower than Schrader valves. They have a screw at the tip that you unscrew when attaching a pump for inflation. You can also press down on the unscrewed tip to release air.
Some Presta valves have a removable core, which can be replaced in the event of damage, but be careful not to accidentally unscrew the core when pumping up your tyre.
Schrader valves are shorter and stubbier, and will look just like the valves on your car tyres.
Schrader and presta valves. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
When buying inner tubes, make sure you get the right valve: a Schrader valve won’t fit through the valve hole in a wheel rim drilled for a Presta valve. And a Presta valve is too narrow to fit securely in a Schrader valve hole. Try to use this combo and the rubber around the valve will be exposed and rub against the valve hole, risking a puncture.
Some Presta tubes come with valves with removable cores (the bit that actually holds the air in), whereas in others the core is fixed in place.
Removable cores unscrew from the valve stem – there’s a little tool available to grip the sides of the core – so you can replace a faulty one or squirt sealant into the tube (more on than below). They can sometimes unscrew by accident when you’re using a pump, though.
What about the Dunlop valve?
Aside from Presta and Schrader, there’s also a third type of valve – the Dunlop valve (sometimes referred to as a Woods valve), more common on urban bikes in mainland Europe. It’s very rarely seen in the UK/US, or on road and mountain bikes.
The base of a Dunlop valve is similar in diameter to a Schrader valve, but is inflated with the same pump head as a Presta valve.
Inner tube valve lengths
Presta valves come in different lengths too. With deeper section rims becoming more common, it’s important to make sure that your valve is long enough to protrude through the rim and let you attach a pump to it.
We’ve been on rides where we’ve got a flat and found that the spare inner tube kept in a saddlebag as default didn’t have a long enough valve for the wheels we were riding. Fortunately, we were carrying a few patches and could fix the punctured tube.
Presta valve inner tubes are available from a range of makers with valve lengths up to 80mm. There’s no harm in using a valve longer than you need, although it might look a bit odd to use a particularly long valve on shallow wheels.
42mm, 50mm and 80mm Presta valves. Don’t forget you need a valve length that’s a few centimetres longer than the depth of your rim – don’t get a 50mm valve for a 50mm rim, you won’t have anything to attach your pump head to. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
If your wheels are even deeper than the longest valve you can find, you can buy valve extenders to add length to your valve. There’s a range of lengths available: Zipp for example makes extenders from 27mm up to 98mm long.
Valve extenders screw onto the top of the Presta valve. Some are just hollow tubes, others include a valve at the top, which means that you need to remove the valve core from your inner tube before screwing on the extender.
The former are simpler to use, but add a dead space above the valve, making inflation harder, while with the latter you need to make sure that there’s a fully airtight seal to the inner tube’s valve stem, or your tube will leak air.
Valve extenders come in a range of sizes, types and even colours. These ones simply screw over the top of an open Presta valve, but you can also get ones that allow you to place the valve core at the top. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
Also look out for valve rattle with deeper section wheels. It’s an annoyance rather than a problem and can usually be stopped by taping around where the valve stem protrudes from the wheel rim (this is a classic trick used by pro team mechanics).
One of the big advantages of a tubeless setup is that the sealant inside the tyre should seal many of the flats that typically bedevil the bike rider.
If you don’t want to go tubeless, or you haven’t got the components on your bike to go tubeless, you may lessen your chances of getting a flat by using inner tubes like those from Slime, which come filled with sealant.
Fitted exactly like a normal inner tube, they’re a bit heavier and more expensive but should self-seal if you get a smaller puncture.
This Slime 29 x 47–55 inner tube is filled with a sealant designed to plug puncture holes. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
Another option is to put sealant into a normal inner tube. It’s a job that’s easier if you can remove the valve core: the sealant can gum up the valve, making it tricky to get air into your tube.
And some sealants will weaken latex tubes, causing them to fail, so make sure that your combo is compatible.
On some inner tubes, the valve core can be removed (using a specific tool or a pair of pliers). This allows a valve extender or tubeless sealant to be added, but remember to double check for compatibility issues. Simon Bromley/Immediate Media
Or, if you’ve really had it with flats, there are solid tyres from the likes of Tannus and inserts such as Vittoria’s AirLiner.
Both brands also sell anti-puncture liners that sit between the inner tube and the tyre tread. We’d recommend upgrading your tyres or trying tubeless first, though.
Or go tubeless
If all this seems like hard work, and you’ve got tubeless compatible rims and tyres, there’s always the option to go tubeless.
To recap: a tubeless setup removes the need for an inner tube (the clue is in the name). Instead, the tyre creates an airtight seal with the rim to hold pressure, just like a car tyre.
Tubeless tyres are used in conjunction with sealant, added to the tyre during installation. The sealant should fill the kind of small cuts that could otherwise cause a flat with an inner tube.
If you want to run a tubeless setup, you’ll need compatible rims and tyres. Check for words like ‘tubeless ready’ on the rim and tyre walls. David Caudery / Immediate Media
With that in mind, a tubeless setup should result in fewer punctures. You can also run tubeless tyres at a lower pressure because there’s no risk of pinching the tube, potentially improving comfort and grip.
On the other hand, getting an airtight seal can sometimes be tricky when setting up tubeless tyres, particularly with high-pressure road tyres. And there’s the cost of upgrading your setup, too.
If you do go tubeless, it’s still a good idea to take an inner tube (and a tyre boot and plug kit) with you, so you have the option of adding a tube and making it home in case you get a serious flat.